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A novel compressive sensing (CS) algorithm for synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging is proposed which is called as the two-dimensional double CS algorithm (2-D-DCSA). We first derive the imaging operator for SAR, which is named as the chirp-scaling operator (CSO), from the chirp-scaling algorithm (CSA), then we show its inverse is a linear map, which transforms the SAR image to the received baseband radar signal. We show that the SAR image can be reconstructed simultaneously in the range and azimuth directions from a small number of the raw data. The proposed algorithm can handle large-scale data because both the CSO and its inverse allow fast matrix-vector multiplications. Both the simulated and real data are processed to test the algorithm and the results show that the 2-D-DCSA can be applied to reconstructing the SAR images effectively with much less data than regularly required.