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Charge Summing in Spectroscopic X-Ray Detectors With High-Z Sensors

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11 Author(s)
Koenig, T. ; Inst. for Photon Sci. & Synchrotron Radiat. (IPS), Karlsruhe Inst. of Technol., Karlsruhe, Germany ; Hamann, E. ; Procz, S. ; Ballabriga, R.
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The spectroscopic performance of photon counting detectors is limited by the effects of charge sharing between neighboring pixels and the emission of characteristic X-rays. For these reasons, an event can be either missed or counted more than once. These effects become more and more of a concern when pixel pitches are reduced, and for the technology available so far, this meant that there would always be a trade-off between a high spatial and a high spectral resolution. In this work, we present first measurements obtained with the new Medipix3RX ASIC, which features a network of charge summing circuits establishing a communication between pixels which helps to mitigate these effects. Combined with cadmium telluride sensors, we show that this new technology is successful at improving a detector's spectroscopic capabilities even at pixel pitches as small as 55 μm. At this pitch, we measure an energy response function similar to that observed for a pixel pitch of 165 μm in the absence of a charge summing circuitry. This amounts to an effective reduction of the pixel area by at least one order of magnitude at a comparable energy response. Additionally, we present synchrotron measurements at high X-ray fluxes, where significant pulse pile-up occurs, and provide first experimental evidence for a net benefit when balancing spectroscopic performance and high flux tolerance in charge summing mode.

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 6 )