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In this letter, an innovative technique for change detection in urban areas using very high resolution synthetic aperture radar multichannel stacks is proposed. Instead of using the amplitude image, as in classical change detection approaches, the proposed technique uses the full complex image in a Markovian framework. The complex data are modeled using Markov random field hyperparameters, which are particular local parameters that take into account the spatial correlation between pixels. Starting from two data sets, the pre- and the postevent ones, the proposed algorithm, first, estimates the two hyperparameter maps and, then, compares the similarity between them. If a change occurs between the pre- and the postevent acquisitions, the statistical distribution of the hyperparameter maps will change. The maximum distance between the two obtained statistical distributions provides an index of changes. This sort of spatial correlation maps is computed using statistical estimation techniques, while the similarity comparison is computed using the two-step Kolmogorov-Smirnov statistic test. The algorithm is validated on simulated data and tested on real COSMO-SkyMed data acquired on the area of Naples, showing interesting and promising results.