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Message logging: pessimistic, optimistic, causal, and optimal

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2 Author(s)
L. Alvisi ; Dept. of Comput. Sci., Texas Univ., Austin, TX, USA ; K. Marzullo

Message-logging protocols are an integral part of a popular technique for implementing processes that can recover from crash failures. All message-logging protocols require that, when recovery is complete, there be no orphan processes, which are surviving processes whose states are inconsistent with the recovered state of a crashed process. We give a precise specification of the consistency property “no orphan processes”. From this specification, we describe how different existing classes of message-logging protocols (namely optimistic, pessimistic, and a class that we call causal) implement this property. We then propose a set of metrics to evaluate the performance of message-logging protocols, and characterize the protocols that are optimal with respect to these metrics. Finally, starting from a protocol that relies on causal delivery order, we show how to derive optimal causal protocols that tolerate f overlapping failures and recoveries for a parameter f (1⩽f⩽n)

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering  (Volume:24 ,  Issue: 2 )