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Coalitional Games for Transmitter Cooperation in MIMO Multiple Access Channels

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3 Author(s)
Yerramalli, S. ; Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA ; Jain, R. ; Mitra, U.

Cooperation between nodes sharing a wireless channel is becoming increasingly necessary to achieve higher throughputs in a wireless network. The problem of determining the feasibility and stability of cooperation between rational nodes in a wireless network is of great importance in understanding cooperative behavior. This paper addresses the stability of the grand coalition of transmitters signaling over a multiple access channel using the framework of cooperative game theory. The external interference experienced by each TX is represented accurately by modeling the cooperation game between the TXs in partition form. Single user decoding and successive interference cancelling strategies are examined at the receiver. Transmitter cooperation is stable, if and only if the core of the game (the set of all divisions of grand coalition utility such that no coalition deviates) is nonempty. Determining the stability of cooperation is a co-NP-complete problem in general. For a single user decoding receiver, transmitter cooperation is shown to be stable at both high and low SNRs, while for an interference cancelling receiver with a fixed decoding order, cooperation is stable only at low SNRs and unstable at high SNR. When time sharing is allowed between decoding orders, it is shown using an approximate lower bound to the utility function that TX cooperation is also stable at high SNRs. Thus, this paper demonstrates that ideal zero cost TX cooperation over a MAC is stable and improves achievable rates for each individual user.

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:62 ,  Issue: 4 )