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Recent revelations about the scope of electronic surveillance performed by the U.S. National Security Agency have provoked considerable debate both inside and outside the United States. Ironically, however, over the past few years, departments within the U.S. federal government have been helping to support a project designed to combat Internet monitoring. The Tor Project permits anonymous Web browsing and publishing, and it has received funding from the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Defense Department, and the State Department. They've backed the project either for research purposes or, in the State Department's case, to assist democratic movements in countries with repressive regimes.