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Tracking by Sampling and IntegratingMultiple Trackers

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2 Author(s)
Junseok Kwon ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Seoul Nat. Univ., Seoul, South Korea ; Kyoung Mu Lee

We propose the visual tracker sampler, a novel tracking algorithm that can work robustly in challenging scenarios, where several kinds of appearance and motion changes of an object can occur simultaneously. The proposed tracking algorithm accurately tracks a target by searching for appropriate trackers in each frame. Since the real-world tracking environment varies severely over time, the trackers should be adapted or newly constructed depending on the current situation, so that each specific tracker takes charge of a certain change in the object. To do this, our method obtains several samples of not only the states of the target but also the trackers themselves during the sampling process. The trackers are efficiently sampled using the Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) method from the predefined tracker space by proposing new appearance models, motion models, state representation types, and observation types, which are the important ingredients of visual trackers. All trackers are then integrated into one compound tracker through an Interacting MCMC (IMCMC) method, in which the trackers interactively communicate with one another while running in parallel. By exchanging information with others, each tracker further improves its performance, thus increasing overall tracking performance. Experimental results show that our method tracks the object accurately and reliably in realistic videos, where appearance and motion drastically change over time, and outperforms even state-of-the-art tracking methods.

Published in:

Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:36 ,  Issue: 7 )