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Near-field scattering by physical theory of diffraction and shooting and bouncing rays

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1 Author(s)
Shyh-Kang Jeng ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan

This paper proposes a method to compute the near-field RCS and Doppler spectrum of a target when the distances to the antennas are comparable to the target size. By dealing with a small piece of the target surface at a time, the transmitting antenna, and the receiving antenna are in the far-field zone of the small piece of the induced currents. The electromagnetic field produced by this small piece of induced currents can be written as a spherical wave. Sum up all spherical waves produced by every small piece of induced currents and we can obtain the total scattered field at the receiving antenna. The physical theory of diffraction (PTD) and the method of shooting and bouncing rays (SBR) are modified to evaluate the received signals. Numerical results based on these techniques are obtained and discussed. The formulation applies the simple concepts of “equivalent” image and vector effective height, which are believed to be novel

Published in:

Antennas and Propagation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 4 )