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Joint direction-of-arrival and array-shape tracking for multiple moving targets

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1 Author(s)
Goldberg, J.M. ; Dept. of Signal Theory & Commun., Univ. of Catalonia, Barcelona, Spain

The problem of tracking the directions-of-arrival (DOAs) of multiple moving sonar targets with an array of passive sensors is complicated by sensor movement. An algorithm for the joint tracking of source DOAs and sensor positions is presented to address this problem. Initial maximum-likelihood estimates of source DOAs and sensor positions are refined by Kalman filtering. Spatio-temporally correlated array movement is considered. Source angle dynamics are used to achieve correct data association. The new technique is capable of performing well for the difficult cases of sources that cross in angle as well as for fully coherent sources. Computer simulations show that the approach is robust in the presence of array motion modeling uncertainty and effectively reduces dependence on expensive and possibly unreliable hardware

Published in:

Oceanic Engineering, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 2 )