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A low bit rate hybrid coding scheme for progressive image transmission

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2 Author(s)
A. K. Al-Asmari ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., King Saud Univ., Riyadh, Saudi Arabia ; A. S. Ahmed

In this paper, a hybrid coding scheme for progressive image transmission (PIT) based on two components, that is the smooth and edge components, is presented. The image is first decimated by using the pyramid coding technique with a decimation factor of 4:1. A multistage predictive locally adaptive vector quantization (MSPVQ) progressively transmits the decimated image that represents the smooth component of the scene. The first stage of the proposed (VQ) gives a general grasp of the Lena image at a compression ratio as high as 80:1. An adaptive VQ (LAVQ) encodes the difference image, which contains the quantization and edge error of the smooth component. By adding the encoded image components, an excellent reproduction is achieved at a low bit rate of only 0.2 bit per pixel (bpp), i.e. compression ratio of 40:1, with peak signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of 36.92 dB. It is also shown that, for the Lena image and for the same PSNR of about 34 dB, the bit rate using the proposed algorithm is very low; only 0.2 bpp. This bit rate is lower than about 0.6 bpp using the JPEG algorithm, and much lower than that using BTC-DCT or SB-DCT algorithms. Thus the proposed algorithm results in a saving of about 0.4 in the bit rate for the same visual quality

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics  (Volume:44 ,  Issue: 1 )