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Reduced storage VQ via secondary quantization

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3 Author(s)
Hui, D. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; Lyons, D.F. ; Neuhoff, D.L.

This paper introduces methods for reducing the table storage required for encoding and decoding with unstructured vector quantization (UVQ) or tree-structured vector quantization (TSVQ). Specifically, a low-storage secondary quantizer is used to compress the code vectors (and test vectors) of the primary quantizer. The relative advantages of uniform and nonuniform secondary quantization are investigated. A Linde-Buzo-Gray (LBG) like algorithm that optimizes the primary UVQ codebook for a given secondary codebook and another that jointly optimizes both primary and secondary codebooks are presented. In comparison to conventional methods, it is found that significant storage reduction is possible (typically a factor of two to three) with little loss of signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Moreover, when reducing dimension is considered as another method of reducing storage, it is found that the best strategy is a combination of both. The method of secondary quantization is also applied to TSVQ to reduce the table storage required for both encoding and decoding. It is shown that by exploiting the correlation among the test vectors in the tree, both encoder and decoder storage can be significantly reduced with little loss of SNR, by a factor of about four (or two) relative to the conventional method of storing test vectors (or test hyperplanes)

Published in:

Image Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:7 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Apr 1998

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