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Theoretical studies and experimental results of a SMES used in a pulsed current supply

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5 Author(s)
Netter, D. ; Groupe de Recherche en Electrotech., Univ. Henri Poincare, Paris, France ; Leveque, J. ; Rezzoug, A. ; Caron, J.-P.
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A superconducting magnet energy storage (SMES) can be used as a pulsed power supply. A superconducting coil stores energy without electrical losses and this energy can be recovered through a second wire on which the charge (electromagnetic launcher, for example) is linked. The design of such an apparatus needs to solve simultaneously thermal, magnetic, and electric equations. We proposed a three-dimensional finite difference method to solve these coupled problems. This tool enables us to describe resistive zones of expansion in thick coils during a quench and to predict the duration and the efficiency of the discharge. Moreover, it indicates if the coil is prevented from an excessive temperature increase. Then, a probative device is described and experimental results are compared with theoretical ones.

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Applied Superconductivity, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:8 ,  Issue: 1 )