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Online grid impedance measurement using discrete-interval binary sequence injection

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3 Author(s)
Roinila, T. ; Dept. of Electr., Comput. & Syst. Eng., Rensselaer Polytech. Inst., Troy, NY, USA ; Vilkko, M. ; Jian Sun

Grid impedance affects the stability and control performance of grid-connected power electronic devices such as inverters used to integrate wind and solar energy. Adaptive control of such inverters to guarantee stability under different grid conditions requires real-time measurement of the grid impedance performed online by the inverters themselves. Existing online measurement methods based on broadband excitations such as maximum-length binary sequence (MLBS) require relatively high injection that may interfere with normal grid control functions, or degrade inverter output current quality, especially when the grid impedance is low and a high current needs to be injected in order to produce sufficient voltage perturbation. This paper proposes the use of a discrete-interval binary sequence (DIBS) for such cases. The DIBS is a computer-optimized binary sequence where the energy is maximized at specified harmonic frequencies to minimize the required level of signal injection. Experimental results based on a three-phase grid-connected inverter are presented to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed methods.

Published in:

Control and Modeling for Power Electronics (COMPEL), 2013 IEEE 14th Workshop on

Date of Conference:

23-26 June 2013