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To develop polarization-insensitive semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA) gates into more efficient and functional optical components by using hybrid integration with a planer lightwave circuit (PLC) platform, vertical tapered spot-size converters were integrated into a SOA gate with a narrow mesa-stripe structure of submicrometer width leading to low coupling loss (2.6 dB). Very-low polarization dependence of gain (<0.2 dB) and high extinction ratio (>30 dB) were achieved in a wide wavelength range (40 nm). High-speed (<1 us) gate operation was also demonstrated. These results indicate that the spot-size converted SOA integrated on a PLC platform will perform well in wavelength-division-multiplexing (WDM) applications.
Date of Publication: April 1998