By Topic

On the operational and manufacturing tolerances of GaAs-AlAs MQW modulators

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
Goossen, K.W. ; AT&T Bell Labs., Holmdel, NJ, USA ; Cunningham, J.E. ; Jan, W.Y. ; Leibenguth, R.

We approach the question of optimization of surface-normal p-i(multiquantum-well, MQW)-n modulators from the viewpoint of investigating their tolerance to variations in wavelength and temperature and errors in manufacture. The reflection characteristics of two high-quality samples are carefully processed to eliminate Fabry-Perot fringes, and then their spectra at any bias are characterized with six phenomenological parameters which depend on λ0, the zero-field exciton position. The two GaAs-AlAs samples have λ0's of 833.8 and 842.3 nm, and so cover a range useful for modulators designed to operate near 850 nm in the normally reflecting condition, i.e., reflection decreases with field. A linear interpolation of the parameters of these two samples is used to predict the behavior of MQW diodes with λ0's around this range, and so a fully comprehensive examination of normally reflecting MQW modulators is performed. The performance aspect that is examined is contrast ratio as a function of nonuniformities in the devices or operating conditions given a voltage swing of 3 V. There are two operational modes discussed. If the voltage offset of the bias is allowed to vary via a feedback circuit, a contrast of 2:1 may be maintained over an operating wavelength change (Δλ) of 17 nm with local variations of wavelength of ±1 nm, which corresponds to a temperature variation of 60°C while allowing for variations of laser driver wavelength of ±1 nm. If feedback Is not permitted, we determine that, given tolerances to manufacturing errors, a contrast of 1.5:1 may be maintained over a wavelength range of ~5 nm by either using stacked diode designs or extremely shallow quantum wells

Published in:

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 3 )