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The use of optical flow for road navigation

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3 Author(s)
Giachetti, A. ; CRS4, Cagliari, Italy ; Campani, M. ; Torre, V.

This paper describes procedures for obtaining a reliable and dense optical flow from image sequences taken by a TV camera mounted on a car moving in usual outdoor scenarios. By using correlation based techniques and by correcting the optical flows for shocks and vibrations, useful sequences of optical flows can be obtained. When the car is moving along a flat road and the optical axis of the TV camera is parallel to the ground, the motion field is expected to be almost quadratic and have a specific structure. As a consequence the egomotion can be estimated from this optical flow and information on the speed and the angular velocity of the moving vehicle are obtained. By analyzing the optical flow it is possible to recover also a coarse segmentation of the flow, in which objects moving with a different speed are identified. By combining information from intensity edges a better localization of motion boundaries are obtained. These results suggest that the optical flow can be successfully used by a vision system for assisting a driver in a vehicle moving in usual streets and motorways

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Robotics and Automation, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 1 )