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Application of a fuzzy classification technique in computer grading of fish products

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4 Author(s)
Hu, B.-G. ; Centre for Cold Ocean Resources Eng., Memorial Univ. of Newfoundland, St. John''s, Nfld., Canada ; Gosine, R.G. ; Cao, L.X. ; de Silva, C.W.

This work presents the enhancement and application of a fuzzy classification technique for automated grading of fish products. Common features inherent in grading-type data and their specific requirements in processing for classification are identified. A fuzzy classifier with a four-level hierarchy is developed based on the “generalized K-nearest neighbor rules”. Both conventional and fuzzy classifiers are examined using a realistic set of herring roe data (collected from the fish processing industry) to compare the classification performance in terms of accuracy and computational cost. The classification results show that the generalized fuzzy classifier provides the best accuracy at 89%. The grading system can be tuned through two parameters-the threshold of fuzziness and the cost weighting of error types-to achieve higher classification accuracy. An optimization scheme is also incorporated into the system for automatic determination of these parameter values with respect to a specific optimization function that is based on process renditions, including the product price and labor cost. Since the primary common features are accommodated in the classification algorithm, the method presented here provides a general capability for both grading and sorting-type problems in food processing

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Fuzzy Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 1 )