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In composing hand-drawn 3D urban maps, the most common design problem is to avoid overlaps between geographic features such as roads and buildings by displacing them consistently over the map domain. Nonetheless, automating this map design process is still a challenging task because we have to maximally retain the 3D depth perception inherent in pairs of parallel lines embedded in the original layout of such geographic features. This paper presents a novel approach to disoccluding important geographic features when creating 3D urban maps for enhancing their visual readability. This is accomplished by formulating the design criteria as a constrained optimization problem based on the linear programming approach. Our mathematical formulation allows us to systematically eliminate occlusions of landmark roads and buildings, and further controls the degree of local 3D map deformation by devising an objective function to be minimized. Various design examples together with a user study are presented to demonstrate the robustness and feasibility of the proposed approach.