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Experimental studies on isentropic efficiency of a nonequilibrium MHD disk generator

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3 Author(s)
Nakamura, H. ; Dept. of Mech. Eng., Nat. Defense Acad., Yokosuka, Japan ; Okamura, T. ; Shioda, S.

Isentropic efficiency of the nonequilibrium MHD power generator was studied by a shock tube driven disk generator. Cesium seeded helium was used as a working gas. From the measurements of Faraday current density distribution, it was possible to estimate the general tendency of Joule dissipation in the generator. The Joule dissipation did not decrease due to the occurrence of nonuniformity of the plasma when external load resistance was low, although it decreased with the decrease in the load resistance when the load resistance was high. The electrical efficiency increased with the increase in applied magnetic flux density. This fact is thought to be caused by high Hall parameter and the stabilization of the plasma due to high degree of seed ionization

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 1 )