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Scintillation Efficiency Improvement by Mixed Crystal Use

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3 Author(s)
Gektin, A.V. ; Inst. for Scintillation Mater., Kharkiv, Ukraine ; Belsky, A.N. ; Vasil'ev, A.N.

Analysis of the last years theoretical studies and track simulations to conclusion that primary stages (electron scattering and e-h thermalization) play the key role in the following scintillator efficiency. The long thermalization length comparing to Onsager radius is the main reason for geminate pair concentration decrease and later luminescence losses. The easiest way for thermalization length decrease is the scintillation crystal doping or even transfer to the mixed crystals (solid solution). The simple model of modification of electrons scattering and e-h pairs thermalization for the mixed crystals is proposed. It is shown that solid solutions have higher light output independently on the crystal type. Analysis of experimental data confirmed this conclusion. This phenomenon is found for halide, oxide and sulfates scintillators. The similar behavior is typical for mixed anion and/or cation systems. The key role of initial track formation stages is illustrated by the same trend for activated scintillators and pure crystal with intrinsic luminescence. These estimations and experimental data lead to the conclusion that the scintillation efficiency improvement by mixed crystal use can play an important role in the search and development of new scintillators.

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Nuclear Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:61 ,  Issue: 1 )