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Laser diodes with integrated spot-size transformer as low-cost optical transmitter elements for telecommunications

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12 Author(s)
Hubner, B. ; Deutsche Telekom AG, Darmstadt, Germany ; Vollrath, G. ; Ries, R. ; Greus, C.
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We have realized laser diodes with integrated spot-size transformer to achieve a high-coupling efficiency to a standard single-mode fiber (SMF) without microoptical elements. A coupling loss of about 1 dB has been achieved with tolerances of 12 μm in both vertical and horizontal direction. We have fabricated both distributed-feedback (DFB) and Fabry-Perot (FP)-type lasers. In the case of the FP lasers the longitudinal single-mode emission was stabilized by means of an external fiber Bragg-grating which was directly butt-coupled to the laser. We have experimentally and theoretically investigated the optical and electrical properties of the devices using a transmission line model

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Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:3 ,  Issue: 6 )