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From Visible Light-Emitting Diodes to Large-Scale III–V Photonic Integrated Circuits

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23 Author(s)
Fred Kish ; Infinera Corporation, Sunnyvale, CA, USA ; Radhakrishnan Nagarajan ; David Welch ; Peter Evans
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The discovery of the visible light-emitting diode (LED) 50 years ago by Holonyak and Bevacqua and the associated demonstration of the viability of the III-V semiconductor alloy created a foundational basis for the field of optoelectronics. Key advances which enabled the progression from the first visible LED to today's III-V photonic integrated circuits (PICs) are described. Furthermore, the current state-of-the-art 500-Gb/s and 1-Tb/s large-scale InP transmitter and receiver PICs and their essential role in the optical communications networks are reviewed.

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Proceedings of the IEEE  (Volume:101 ,  Issue: 10 )