By Topic

Circuits for a Cubic-Millimeter Energy-Autonomous Wireless Intraocular Pressure Monitor

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

14 Author(s)
Mohammad Hassan Ghaed ; University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; Gregory Chen ; Razi-ul Haque ; Michael Wieckowski
more authors

Circuit blocks for a 1.5 mm3 microsystem enable continuous monitoring of intraocular pressure. Due to power and form-factor limitations, circuit blocks are designed at nanowatt power levels not completely explored before. The system includes a 75% efficient 90 nW DC-DC converter which is the most efficient reported sub- μW converter in literature. It also includes a novel 4.7 nJ/bit FSK radio that achieves 10 cm of transmission range at 10 -6 BER which is also the lowest number reported for short-range through-tissue wireless links for biomedical implants. A MEMS capacitive sensor and ΣΔ capacitance-to-digital converter measure IOP with 0.5 mmHg accuracy. A microcontroller processes and saves IOP data and stores it in a 2.4 fW/bitcell SRAM. The microsystem harvests a maximum power of 80 nW in sunlight with a light irradiance of 100 mW/cm2 AM 1.5 from an integrated 0.07 mm2 solar cell to recharge a 1 mm2 1 μAh thin-film battery and power the load circuits. The design achieves zero-net-energy operation with 1.5 hours of sunlight or 10 hours of bright indoor lighting daily.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 12 )