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Design and Comparison of Capacitor Chargers for Solid-State Pulsed Power Modulator

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4 Author(s)
Hong-Je Ryoo ; Electr. Propulsion Res. Center, Korea Electrotechnol. Res. Inst., Changwon, South Korea ; Suk-Ho Ahn ; Ji-woong Gong ; Sung-Roc Jang

This paper describes the design, implementation, and comparison of high-voltage capacitor chargers for a solid-state pulsed power modulator (SSPPM). The three different converter topologies are a series resonant converter operating at a discontinuous conduction mode with switching frequency control (SRC_DCM_SFC), a series resonant converter operating at a continuous conduction mode with phase shifted pulse width modulation control (SRC_CCM_PSPWMC), and a series-parallel resonant converter operating at the CCM with SFC (SPRC_CCM_SFC). On the basis of these converter topologies, 10-kWaverage high-voltage capacitor chargers are designed for the three types of SSPPMs, which have the following maximum output specifications: 1) SRC_DCM_SFC: 60 kV, 300 A, 3 kpps, and 50 μs; 2) SRC_CCM_PSPWMC: 10 kV, 50 A, 50 kpps, and 10 μs; and 3) SPRC_CCM_SFC: 40 kV, 150 A, 7 kpps, and 10 μs. Although the pulse output specifications are different, it is worth comparing the resonant inverter topologies and the control methods from the viewpoint of the losses, control characteristics, and merits and demerits of the high-voltage capacitor chargers. From the analysis and investigation of the three resonant inverters, the design procedure, including the determination of the resonant tank parameters, is provided, which considers the design of the high-voltage capacitor charger. PSPICE simulation is used to elucidate the effects of the resonant tank structure and its parameters, and the resonant current waveform and losses of the Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor are compared. Finally, experiments for each charger are performed under various load conditions, and the comparison results of the three capacitor chargers, including the conduction and switching losses, control characteristics, and overall efficiency, are discussed in this paper.

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Plasma Science, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:41 ,  Issue: 10 )