Skip to Main Content
Dc-link capacitor sizing is a critical aspect of inverter design. This study investigates capacitor sizing for three-level neutral-point-clamped and cascaded H-bridge inverters, based on an analysis of dc-link capacitor current. Methods used to derive expressions for the root-mean-square (rms) value and harmonic spectrum of the capacitor current in two-level inverters, are extended to the three-level inverters. A new numerical approach is also proposed for calculating the capacitor rms current and voltage ripple. MATLAB code is given for the proposed approach, which can be easily adapted to different modulation strategies and applied to higher-level inverters. Capacitor sizing parameters derived according to this approach are presented for a number of common modulation strategies and are used to compare the requirements of the examined three-level topologies. Results are validated by simulations using MATLAB-Simulink.