Cart (Loading....) | Create Account
Close category search window
 

New approach to resolution limit and advanced image formation techniques in optical lithography

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)

Practical resolution, the minimum feature size with a depth of focus (DOF) required for LSI fabrication process, is analyzed. Dependence of practical resolution on various factors, such as optical system parameters (exposure wavelength λ, and numerical aperture NA), resist processes, and required DOF, is investigated. It is shown that practical resolution in the sub-halfmicrometer region is not improved, and may even be degraded, with increasing NA. Furthermore, resolution improvement by increasing NA becomes less effective as λ becomes shorter. This means that the high-resolution capability of high-NA/short-wavelength optics cannot be utilized to create fine-pattern LSIs. In order to overcome this limitation, the effectiveness of advanced image formation techniques, the phase-shifting method and the FLEX method, in practical resolution enhancement is investigated. It is experimentally verified, using a phase-shifting mask and the excimer laser stepper, that a pattern feature size less than 0.2 μm can be clearly delineated with sufficient focus latitude. These advanced techniques make it possible to overcome the resolution limitation of conventional optical lithography

Published in:

Electron Devices, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan 1991

Need Help?


IEEE Advancing Technology for Humanity About IEEE Xplore | Contact | Help | Terms of Use | Nondiscrimination Policy | Site Map | Privacy & Opting Out of Cookies

A not-for-profit organization, IEEE is the world's largest professional association for the advancement of technology.
© Copyright 2014 IEEE - All rights reserved. Use of this web site signifies your agreement to the terms and conditions.