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This paper considers a channel parameter estimation problem using a wideband multichannel receiver array. We estimate the sparse underwater acoustic communication channel parameters, such as time-delay, incidence angle, Doppler frequency, and complex amplitude of impinging multipath components. Multichannel signals from a receiver array are modeled to obtain additional sparsity in the incidence angle and the angle-delay-Doppler-spread function is defined to parameterize the channel. To estimate the principal entries of the angle-delay-Doppler-spread function, we propose a modified version of the orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP) algorithm to utilize a redundant dictionary. We introduce a space-alternating scheme which divides the entire parameter search space into smaller subsets to avoid handling large parameter search space. The performance of the proposed method is evaluated using two experimental data: one from large-scale water tank with the capability of generating surface gravity wave and the other from shallow sea water which shows sparse channel structure. Our results demonstrate that the proposed method accurately estimates the time-varying multipath channel parameters with lower residual error than the OMP.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2013