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This paper illustrates the first wide area study over Tianjin suburbs of China using persistent scatterers interferometry (PSI) technique for ground subsidence monitoring via high-resolution TerraSAR-X (TSX) SAR data. The deformation rate and the displacement history of the subsiding areas from April 29, 2009 to November 11, 2011 have been reconstructed. The results demonstrate the capability of applying PSI technique to high-resolution SAR time series imageries for monitoring of the subsidence of multiple towns and large-scale man-made linear features (LMLFs) such as railways, highways, and power lines. The comprehensive uncertainties were analyzed between PSI results and ground-leveling data whose densities are very different in both spatial and temporal domains. The overall results show a good agreement with each other. We also found that the underground water extraction and lithological character are the two important potential explanations to the location and shape of the subsiding centers.
Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of (Volume:PP , Issue: 99 )