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A compact low-crosstalk multi-ring fiber transmitting multiple orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes is presented. The multi-OAM-mode multi-ring fiber (MOMRF) consists of 7 rings, each supporting 22 modes with 18 OAM ones (i.e., 154 channels in total), which can be used for high-density space-division multiplexing. The employed high-contrast-index ring structure benefits tight light confinement and large effective refractive index difference of different OAM modes , featuring both low-level inter-ring crosstalk ( 30 dB for a 100-km-long fiber) and intermode crosstalk over a wide wavelength range (1520-1580 nm). The designed MOMRF is also compatible with wavelength-division multiplexing technique (e.g., 75 ITU-grid wavelengths from 1520.25 to 1579.52 nm with 100-GHz spacing) and advanced multilevel amplitude/phase modulation formats (e.g., 16-ary quadrature amplitude modulation), which might be used to achieve petabit-per-second total transmission capacity and hundred bits-per-second-per-hertz aggregate spectral efficiency.
Date of Publication: Oct. 2013