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Principles of Mode-Selective MIMO OTHR

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3 Author(s)
Abramovich, Y.I. ; Defence Sci. & Technol. Organ. (DSTO), Edinburgh, SA, Australia ; Frazer, G.J. ; Johnson, B.A.

In over-the-horizon radar (OTHR) the need to preferentially select propagation mode arises when one or more modes are perturbed by ionospheric disturbances. Due to mixed-mode propagation and range-elevation coupling, such control is only implementable using noncausal beamforming via MIMO radar architectures. We introduce three key principles that govern mode-selective multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) OTHR design. Numerical examples illustrate the high potential efficiency of mode-selective MIMO OTHR, while field trials support the introduced main principles.

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Aerospace and Electronic Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 3 )