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New-user identification in a CDMA system

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2 Author(s)
Halford, K.W. ; Gov. Aerosp. Syst. Div., Harris Corp., Melbourne, FL, USA ; Brandt-Pearce, M.

We present three detector/estimators (DEs) which allow multiuser detection and parameter estimation without a side channel in a dynamic asynchronous code-division multiple-access (CDMA) system in which users are entering and leaving the system. These DEs optimally detect a new user given only the chip rate and the spreading factor of the new user. Two of these DEs, the maximum-likelihood detector/estimator (MLDE) and the generalized maximum-likelihood detector/estimator (GMLDE), produce maximum-likelihood estimates of the new user's signature sequence, delay, and amplitude, which are then incorporated into a multiuser detector. The third DE, the cyclic detector/estimator (CDE), is the most computationally efficient of the three processors. This DE detects the new user by testing for cyclostationarity and then uses suboptimal schemes to estimate the new user's signature sequence, delay, and amplitude. Simulations indicate that all three DEs reliably detect a new user for an Es2 (symbol-energy-to-noise ratio) of 5 dB. The MLDE and GMLDE produce signature sequence and delay estimates with probability of error less than 0.07 for an Es2 of 10 dB, and the CDE produces signature sequence and delay estimates with probability of error less than 0.13 for an Es2 of 15 dB

Published in:

Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:46 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan 1998

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