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A Spur-Frequency-Boosting PLL With a −74 dBc Reference-Spur Suppression in 90 nm Digital CMOS

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3 Author(s)
Mohamed M. Elsayed ; Analog and Mixed-Signal Center, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA ; Mohammed Abdul-Latif ; Edgar Sánchez-Sinencio

An architectural solution for designing a low-reference-spur PLL is proposed. A spur-frequency boosting block is inserted between the phase-frequency detector and the charge pump to boost the charge pump input frequency. Hence, the spur at the reference frequency is eliminated and is frequency-boosted to a higher frequency, fB, at which the PLL gain is much less resulting in greater suppression. Quantitative analysis of the charge pump spurs is presented to clarify the different tradeoffs affecting the output spurs level. The proposed technique breaks the classical trade off between the different PLL parameters. It adds a degree of freedom in PLL design to reduce the reference spur level without reducing neither the loop bandwidth nor the voltage-controlled oscillator's gain (KVCO). A 3.6 GHz PLL prototype is fabricated using UMC 90 nm digital CMOS technology. A -74 dBc reference-spur suppression is measured along with a (KVCOref) ratio of 16.67 and a (ωGBWref) ratio of 1/20. The proposed architecture provides additional spur suppression of 30 dB compared to a conventional PLL and, to the best of the authors' knowledge, this PLL provides the best normalized reference-spur rejection in literature. The prototype occupies 0.063 mm2.

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 9 )