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Resource Allocation for Device-to-Device Communications Overlaying Two-Way Cellular Networks

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2 Author(s)
Yiyang Pei ; Inst. for Infocomm Res., Singapore, Singapore ; Ying-Chang Liang

Device-to-device (D2D) communications has been proposed in the literature as an underlay approach to cellular networks to allow direct transmission between two cellular devices with local communication needs. In this paper, we consider a scenario of D2D communications overlaying a cellular network and propose a new spectrum sharing protocol, which allows the D2D users to communicate bi-directionally with each other while assisting the two-way communications between the cellular base station (BS) and the cellular user (CU). We derive the achievable rate region of the sum rate of the D2D transmissions versus that of the cellular transmissions. The Pareto boundary of the region is found by optimizing the transmit power at BS and CU as well as the power splitting factor at the relay D2D node. Since either of the two D2D users can be the relay and there can exist multiple pairs of D2D users, we also consider the relay selection from the potential D2D users. We find through numerical results that the proposed two-way protocol with power control at the BS and CU is effective to improve the sum rate for both the D2D and cellular users. In addition, relay selection can achieve further improvement in the sum rate of the cellular links.

Published in:

Wireless Communications, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:12 ,  Issue: 7 )