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Extension of Vicarious Cold Calibration to 85–92 GHz for Spaceborne Microwave Radiometers

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3 Author(s)
Rachael A. Kroodsma ; Dept. of Atmos., Oceanic & Space Sci., Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; Darren S. McKague ; Christopher S. Ruf

Vicarious cold calibration in the frequency range of 85-92 GHz is analyzed. Vicarious cold calibration cannot be applied at these frequencies as easily as at lower frequencies due to greater sensitivity to water vapor and hydrometeor scattering. The effects of that sensitivity are mitigated by selective filtering of the high-frequency brightness temperatures (TBs) to remove those data where large amounts of water vapor and/or hydrometeor scattering are present. Potential filtering algorithms are presented, and the performance of each with respect to vicarious cold calibration TB stability is characterized. A scattering-based precipitation filter that utilizes a combination of both the lower frequencies from 19 to 37 GHz and the frequencies from 85 to 92 GHz is shown to be the most effective and easily implemented filter. For horizontal polarization, the theoretical minimum TB at the higher frequencies occurs at an unphysically high sea surface temperature (SST), which makes the vicarious cold statistic more sensitive to the population of actual SST values as well as the higher amounts of water vapor associated with warm SSTs. The statistic is stabilized in this case by considering the difference between observed and simulated vicarious cold TBs. Intercalibration between two radiometers using the vicarious cold calibration double difference method at high frequencies is shown to be greatly improved when using the precipitation filter.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing  (Volume:51 ,  Issue: 9 )