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We present a real-time data acquisition (DAQ) system for the long-distance reflective ghost imaging experiment which has broad application prospects in remote sensing. In the experimental setup, the light from a pseudo thermal light source is separated into signal beam and reference beam. The signal beam illuminates the target, and then the reflected light is collected by a bucket detector. In the mean time, the reference beam is directly captured by an area detector. In order to obtain the target image, the experiment requires high-speed and high-precision correlated data acquisition to collect the light intensity fluctuation in the signal beam and the reference beam. Furthermore, to reduce imaging time, real-time data acquisition is also required. The DAQ system consists of a photon-multiplier tube (PMT), a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera, a DAQ module and DAQ software. The CCD camera as the area detector connects to computer via Gigabit Ethernet. The PMT and a telescope compose the bucket detector which outputs signals to the DAQ module. The DAQ module sends acquired data to computer through universal serial bus (USB). The DAQ software collects the data and reconstructs the target image. The results of electronic tests and experiments show that the DAQ system satisfies the requirements of the experiment.