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Multilevel Switching in Forming-Free Resistive Memory Devices With Atomic Layer Deposited {\rm HfTiO}_{x} Nanolaminate

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3 Author(s)
Chakrabarti, B. ; Univ. of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX, USA ; Galatage, R.V. ; Vogel, E.M.

We report multilevel switching in forming-free resistive random access memories (RRAMs) with atomic layer deposited HfTiOx nanolaminate (5 nm) as the dielectric. The devices are fabricated using materials and processes compatible with complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor fabrication, including atomic layer deposition for the mixed dielectric structure. The devices switch between ON/OFF states at ~ ±1 V without any separate forming step. At least four distinct logic levels can be obtained for the HfTiOx RRAMs by changing the current compliance in the ON state. The importance of the capability to switch from lower to higher as well as from higher to lower compliances in multilevel operation is demonstrated by comparing multilevel operation of HfOx and HfTiOx devices. The logic levels for the HfTiOx devices show reliable cycling endurance and stable retention for all the levels.

Published in:

Electron Device Letters, IEEE  (Volume:34 ,  Issue: 7 )