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A 77-GHz CMOS FMCW Frequency Synthesizer With Reconfigurable Chirps

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3 Author(s)
Tang-Nian Luo ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Nat. Taiwan Univ., Taipei, Taiwan ; Wu, C.-H.E. ; Chen, Y.-J.E.

This paper presents a 77-GHz CMOS frequency-modulated continuous-wave (FMCW) frequency synthesizer with the capability of reconfigurable chirps. The frequency-sweep range and sweep time of the chirp signals can be reconfigured every cycle such that the frequency-hopping random chirp signal can be realized for an FMCW radar transceiver. The frequency synthesizer adopts the fractional-N phase-locked-loop technique and is fully integrated in TSMC 65-nm digital CMOS technology. The silicon area of the synthesizer is 0.65 mm × 0.45 mm and it consumes 51.3 mW of power. The measured output phase noise of the synthesizer is -85.1 dBc/Hz at 1-MHz offset and the root-mean-square modulation frequency error is smaller than 73 kHz.

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Microwave Theory and Techniques, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:61 ,  Issue: 7 )