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A Robust and Scalable Visual Category and Action Recognition System Using Kernel Discriminant Analysis With Spectral Regression

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8 Author(s)
Muhammad Atif Tahir ; Computer, Electronic and Security Research Group, University of Northumbria ; Fei Yan ; Peter Koniusz ; Muhammad Awais
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Visual concept detection and action recognition are one of the most important tasks in content-based multimedia information retrieval (CBMIR) technology. It aims at annotating images using a vocabulary defined by a set of concepts of interest including scenes types (mountains, snow, etc.) or human actions (phoning, playing instrument). This paper describes our system in the ImageCLEF@ICPR10, Pascal VOC 08 Visual Concept Detection and Pascal VOC 10 Action Recognition Challenges. The proposed system ranked first in these large-scale tasks when evaluated independently by the organizers. The proposed system involves state-of-the-art local descriptor computation, vector quantization via clustering, structured scene or object representation via localized histograms of vector codes, similarity measure for kernel construction and classifier learning. The main novelty is the classifier-level and kernel-level fusion using Kernel Discriminant Analysis and Spectral Regression (SR-KDA) with RBF Chi-Squared kernels obtained from various image descriptors. The distinctiveness of the proposed method is also assessed experimentally using a video benchmark: the Mediamill Challenge along with benchmarks from ImageCLEF@ICPR10, Pascal VOC 10 and Pascal VOC 08. From the experimental results, it can be derived that the presented system consistently yields significant performance gains when compared with the state-of-the art methods. The other strong point is the introduction of SR-KDA in the classification stage where the time complexity scales linearly with respect to the number of concepts and the main computational complexity is independent of the number of categories.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Multimedia  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 7 )