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Dynamic time division multiple access algorithm for industrial wireless hierarchical sensor networks

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4 Author(s)
Yanhong, Yang ; School of Computer and Communication Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China; Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Lehigh University, Bethlehem 18015, USA ; Xiaotong, Zhang ; Qiong, Luo ; Wenchao, Li

Industrial wireless sensor networks adopt a hierarchical structure with large numbers of sensors and routers. Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) is regarded as an efficient method to reduce the probability of confliction. In the intra-cluster part, the random color selection method is effective in reducing the retry times in an application. In the inter-cluster part, a quick assign algorithm and a dynamic maximum link algorithm are proposed to meet the quick networking or minimum frame size requirements. In the simulation, the dynamic maximum link algorithm produces higher reductions in the frame length than the quick assign algorithm. When the number of routers is 140, the total number of time slots is reduced by 25%. However, the first algorithm needs more control messages, and the average difference in the number of control messages is 3 410. Consequently, the dynamic maximum link algorithm is utilized for adjusting the link schedule to the minimum delay with a relatively high throughput rate, and the quick assign algorithm is utilized for speeding up the networking process.

Published in:

Communications, China  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 5 )