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GNSS-R Derived Centimetric Sea Topography: An Airborne Experiment Demonstration

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5 Author(s)
Carreno-Luengo, H. ; BarcelonaTech Remote Sensing Lab., Univ. Politectica de Catalunya (UPC), Barcelona, Spain ; Hyuk Park ; Camps, A. ; Fabra, F.
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The results of two airborne experiments performed to test the precision and the relative accuracy of the conventional Global Navigation Satellite Systems Reflectometry (GNSS-R) technique employing only the C/A code are presented. The first and the second experiments demonstrate, respectively, a 17 cm precision for a 500 m flight altitude with a 8 km along-track spatial resolution, and a 6 cm precision for a 3000 m flight altitude with a 6.6 km along-track spatial resolution. In both, the Relative Mean Dynamic Topography (RMDT) is compared with results derived from traditional radar altimetry provided by Jason-2. The Root Mean Square (RMS) of the RMDT difference between both measurement systems is 48 cm for the first flight, and 198 cm for the second flight. During the second flight, the feasibility of the proposed technique to measure the sea slopes is demonstrated by superposing over the aircraft ground track the measured sea surface height with the geoid undulations, which are about 1 meter.

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Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 3 )