By Topic

Impact of Mechanical Stress on the Full Chip Timing for Through-Silicon-Via-based 3-D ICs

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
Krit Athikulwongse ; National Electronics and Computer Technology Center, Khlong Luang, Pathum Thani, Thailand ; Jae-Seok Yang ; David Z. Pan ; Sung Kyu Lim

In this paper, we study the impact of through-silicon-via (TSV) and shallow trench isolation (STI) stress on the timing variations of 3-D IC. We also propose the first systematic TSV-STI-stress-aware timing analysis and show how to optimize layouts for better performance. First, we generate a stress contour map with an analytical radial stress model for TSV. We also develop a stress model for STI from finite element analysis results. Then, depending on geometric relation between TSVs, STI, and transistors, the tensile and compressive stresses are converted to hole and electron mobility variations. Mobility-variation-aware cell library and netlist are generated and incorporated into an industrial engine for timing analysis of 3-D IC. We observe that TSV stress and STI stress interact with each other, and rise and fall time react differently to stress and relative locations with respect to both TSVs and STIs. Overall, TSV-STI-stress-induced timing variations can be as much as ±15% at the cell level. Thus, as an application to layout optimization, we exploit the stress-induced mobility enhancement to improve performance of 3-D ICs. We show that stress-aware layout perturbation could reduce cell delay by up to 23.37% and critical path delay by 6.67% in our test case.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 6 )