Notification:
We are currently experiencing intermittent issues impacting performance. We apologize for the inconvenience.
By Topic

Mining Hardware Assertions With Guidance From Static Analysis

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

3 Author(s)
Hertz, S. ; Dept. of Electr. & Comput. Eng., Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Urbana, IL, USA ; Sheridan, D. ; Vasudevan, S.

We present GoldMine, a methodology for generating assertions automatically in hardware. Our method involves a combination of data mining and static analysis of the register transfer level (RTL) design. The RTL design is first simulated to generate data about the design's dynamic behavior. The generated data is then mined for “candidate assertions” that are likely to be invariants. The data mining algorithm is a decision-tree-based supervised learning algorithm. These candidate assertions are then passed through a formal verification engine to filter out the spurious candidates. The assertions that are attested as true by the formal engine are system invariants. These are then evaluated by a process of designer ranking that is provided as feedback to the data mining engine. We demonstrate the scalability of GoldMine by showing assertion generation of the RTL of Sun's OpenSparc T2 many-threaded processor. Our results show that GoldMine can generate complex, high coverage assertions for sequential as well as combinational designs in RTL, thereby minimizing human effort in this process. GoldMine assertions distill the random input stimulus space and can be used for calibrating directed tests. They can be used in a regression test suite of an evolving RTL. They are also useful in providing differing perspectives from the designer, as well as hints to designers for manually writing assertions.

Published in:

Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:32 ,  Issue: 6 )