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Spin Hall Effects in Metals

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1 Author(s)
Axel Hoffmann ; Argonne National Laboratory,, Materials Science Division,, Argonne,, IL , USA

Spin Hall effects convert charge currents into spin currents and vice versa even in nonmagnetic conductors due to spin orbit coupling. This enables spin Hall effects to be utilized both for the generation and detection of spin currents and magnetization dynamics. This paper reviews the experimental characterization of these effects in metallic systems, which have so far shown the highest efficiency in using spin Hall effects for charge-to-spin interconversion. The advantages and disadvantages of complimentary measurement techniques are discussed and in addition an outlook of the possible impact on applications is presented.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:49 ,  Issue: 10 )