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Role of bias voltage and tunneling current in the perpendicular displacements of freestanding graphene via scanning tunneling microscopy

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5 Author(s)
Xu, Peng ; Department of Physics, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701 ; Barber, Steven D. ; Ackerman, Matthew L. ; Kevin Schoelz, James
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Systematic displacement measurements of freestanding graphene as a function of applied bias voltage and tunneling current setpoint using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) are presented. When the bias voltage is increased, the graphene approaches the STM tip, while, on the other hand, when the tunneling current is increased the graphene contracts from the STM tip. To understand the role of the bias voltage, the authors quantitatively model the attractive force between the tip and the sample using electrostatics. For the tunneling current, they qualitatively model the contraction of the graphene using entropic concepts. These complementary results enhance the understanding of each other and highlight peculiarities of the system.

Published in:

Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology B: Microelectronics and Nanometer Structures  (Volume:31 ,  Issue: 4 )

Date of Publication:

Jul 2013

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