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Adaptive coding of moving objects for very low bit rates

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2 Author(s)
Soo-Chul Han ; Rensselaer Polytech. Inst., Troy, NY, USA ; Woods, J.W.

This paper describes an object-based video coding system with new ideas in both the motion analysis and source encoding procedures. The moving objects in a video are extracted by means of a joint motion estimation and segmentation algorithm based on the Markov random field (MRF) model. The two important features of the presented technique are the temporal linking of the objects, and the guidance of the motion segmentation with spatial color information. This facilitates several aspects of an object-based coder. First, a new temporal updating scheme greatly reduces the bit rate to code the object boundaries without resorting to crude lossy approximations. Next, the uncovered regions can be extracted and encoded in an efficient manner by observing their revealed contents. The objects are classified adaptively as P objects or I objects and encoded accordingly. Subband/wavelet coding is applied in encoding the object interiors. Simulations at very low bit rates yielded comparable performance in terms of reconstructed PSNR to the H.263 coder. The object-based coder produced visually more pleasing video with less blurriness and devoid of block artifacts, thus confirming the advantages of object-based coding at very low bit-rates

Published in:

Selected Areas in Communications, IEEE Journal on  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 1 )