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A novel method to automatically recognize and remove background signals in computed radiography (CR) images caused by X-ray collimation during projection radiographic examinations is presented. There are three major steps in this method. In the first step, a statistical curve is derived based on many hierarchical CR sample images as a first approximation to loosely separate image and background pixels. Second, signal processing methods, including specific sampling, filtering, and angle recognition, are used to determine edges between image and background pixels. Third, adaptive parameter adjustments and consistent and reliable estimation rules are used to finalize the location of edges and remove the background. In addition, this step also evaluates the reliability of the complete background removal operation. With this novel method implemented in a clinical picture archiving and communication system (PACS) at the University of California at San Francisco, the authors achieved 99% correct recognition of CR image background, and 91% full background removal without removing any valid image information.
Date of Publication: Dec. 1997