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A 130-nm CMOS 0.007- \hbox {mm}^{2} Ring-Oscillator-Based Self-Calibrating IR-UWB Transmitter Using an Asynchronous Logic Duty-Cycled PLL

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2 Author(s)
Marco Crepaldi ; Center for Space Human Robotics, Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia at Polito , Torino, Italy ; Danilo Demarchi

We present a 0.007 mm2 impulse-radio ultrawideband transmitter (TX) based on a ring oscillator capable of synthesizing pulses with both controlled center frequency and bandwidth using a single duty-cycling/trigger reference input. The TX embeds a single-phase charge-pump phase-locked loop (PLL), implemented with asynchronous logic, with 55 logic elements overall. The system, including radio frequency output buffers, consumes measured 30-45 pJ/pulse with a measured efficiency of ~ 47% at 285 MHz center frequency and Vdd in the range of 0.97-1.17 V. At 1.2V supply, the 130 nm CMOS TX tolerates ± 10% Vdd variation, maintaining robust lock and controlled power spectral density (PSD) at 300 MHz center frequency, -19 dBm radiated power at 1 MHz pulse-repetition frequency, and a fractional bandwidth of 0.23. At 300 MHz, the system achieves a measured 100 ps RMS jitter, and without output buffers, the sole PLL logic occupies an active silicon area of 0.0045 mm2.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs  (Volume:60 ,  Issue: 5 )