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Speaker clustering and transformation for speaker adaptation in speech recognition systems

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4 Author(s)
M. Padmanabhan ; IBM Thomas J. Watson Res. Center, Yorktown Heights, NY, USA ; L. R. Bahl ; D. Nahamoo ; M. A. Picheny

A speaker adaptation strategy is described that is based on finding a subset of speakers, from the training set, who are acoustically close to the test speaker, and using only the data from these speakers (rather than the complete training corpus) to reestimate the system parameters. Further, a linear transformation is computed for every one of the selected training speakers to better map the training speaker's data to the test speaker's acoustic space. Finally, the system parameters (Gaussian means) are reestimated specifically for the test speaker using the transformed data from the selected training speakers. Experiments showed that this scheme is capable of providing an 18% relative improvement in the error rate on a large-vocabulary task with the use of as little as three sentences of adaptation data

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Speech and Audio Processing  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 1 )