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Self-organizing feature maps and hidden Markov models for machine-tool monitoring

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3 Author(s)
Owsley, L.M.D. ; Dept. of Electr. Eng., Washington Univ., Seattle, WA, USA ; Atlas, L.E. ; Bernard, G.D.

Vibrations produced by the use of industrial machine tools can contain valuable information about the state of wear of tool cutting edges. However, extracting this information automatically is quite difficult. It has been observed that certain structures present in the vibration patterns are correlated with dullness. We present an approach to extracting features present in these structures using self-organizing feature maps (SOFMs). We have modified the SOFM algorithm in order to improve its generalization abilities and to allow it to better serve as a preprocessor for a hidden Markov model (HMM) classifier. We also discuss the challenge of determining which classes exist in the machining application and introduce an algorithm for automatic clustering of time-sequence patterns using the HMM. We show the success of this algorithm in finding clusters that are beneficial to the machine-monitoring application

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Signal Processing, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:45 ,  Issue: 11 )