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Howard Aiken (F) received the S.B. degree in electrical engineering from the University of Wisconsin in 1923. From 1923 to 1932 he was associated with Madison Gas and Electric, Westinghouse, and the Line Material Company, and studied physics at the University of Chicago. He received the S.M. in physics in 1937 and the Ph.D. in 1939 from Harvard University. In 1941, after two years as instructor in physics, he became an associate professor in applied mathematics. He retired from Harvard in 1961 as professor of applied mathematics and director of the Computation Laboratory. From 1941 to 1946 he was a commander in the USNR, stationed at Harvard. In this capacity he designed and developed the computing machinery that followed his original conception of Mark I during his student years at Harvard. He is now Distinguished Service Professor of Information Technology at the University of Miami in Florida. He is the founder of Howard Aiken Industries, Inc., New York City.